Laboratory Test Information Guide

Details for HIV PCR

Test Name: HIV PCR
Alternate Name(s):  
Laboratory: Microbiology
Specimen Type: Adult:
5 mL Lavender EDTA top Vacutainer tube
2 mL Lavender (EDTA) top Vacutainer tube
Collection Information: Testing is only available for:

1. Infants (<18 months) born to HIV infected mothers
2. Patients who are HIV Indeterminate
3. The diagnosis of HIV infection in individuals likely to be in the pre-antibody, sero-conversion window

For the most up to date information please refer to Public Health Ontario’s Test Directory.
Test Schedule: Referred weekdays to the Public Health Laboratory
Turnaround time from when specimen
is received in testing laboratory:
10 days
Reference Range: See report
Effective Date: 2011-05-01
Revised Date: 2018-11-19
Critical Value:  
Interpretive Comments:  
Special Processing: Sample must be received at Toronto Public Health within 5 days of collection.
Comments: Test detects HIV-1 only. Requests for HIV-2 PCR must be approved by the Microbiologist
Method of Analysis: Qualitative Nucleic Acid Amplification assay (PCR)
Critical Information Required: A completed HIV PCR Test Requisition must accompany the sample.
Information must include:

-Collection time
-Physician's name, phone number, and address
-Patient's clinical history
-Reason for testing e.g. Recent conversion, previous indeterminate antibody result, newborn child to HIV positive patient etc.
Storage & Shipment: Ship on ice packs.
Do not separate
System Codes: 
HIVPCR-Infect. Disease/OB only
Referred To: Toronto Public Health Laboratory

Questions? Comments? Contact Laura Gopaul