Laboratory Test Information Guide

Details for Respiratory Virus Panel (RPCR)

Test Name: Respiratory Virus Panel (RPCR)
Alternate Name(s): Influenza Virus
Flu Screen
Pandemic Flu
Laboratory: Virology Laboratory
Specimen Type: Nasopharyngeal Aspirate
Nasopharyngeal Swab
Bronchial Alveolar Lavage
Collection Information: Nasal/Nasopharyngeal swab-
Insert flexible, fine-shafted swab into nostril or nasopharynx, rotate in circular manner to collect cellular material. Place swab in viral transport media.

Nasopharyngeal Aspirate- Using mucous collection device, insert appropriately sized catheter nasally into posterior nasopharynx. Apply suction, using intermittent suction as catheter is withdrawn. If necessary use small amount of viral transport media to wash sample out of tubing. Transfer aspirated sample to a sterile container.

Bronchial Alveolar Lavage- Collect a minimum volume of 1 mL of BAL.
Transfer sample to a sterile container.
Test Schedule: From November 1 to April 30,samples will be processed for Influenza A/B and RSV A/B 7 days per week. No further testing will be performed on specimens from ER or outpatients unless requested by the clinician. Specimens from adult patients admitted to ICU, all bronchoalveolar lavage samples and all paediatric patient samples (inpatient and ICU) that are negative for Influenza and RSV will be tested for Parainfluenza 1, 2, 3, 4, Human Adenovirus, Human Metapneumovirus and Human Enterovirus (Includes EVD68). Additional testing will be performed by special request from the clinician.
From May 1-October 31, samples will be processed Monday, Wednesday and Friday only. Testing will be performed on patients from Critical Care Units and on BALís on inpatients. A full viral panel will be tested which includes Influenza A/B, RSV A/B, Parainfluenza 1, 2, 3, 4, Adenovirus, Metapneumovirus, Enterovirus, Bocavirus, Coronavirus and Rhinovirus. Testing on any other patients will require consultation with the Microbiologist on call.
Turnaround time from when specimen
is received in testing laboratory:
May 1-Oct. 31:
4 days
Nov.1-Apr. 30:
24 hours
Reference Range: See report
Effective Date: 2010-08-01
Revised Date: 2018-07-17
Critical Value:  
Interpretive Comments:  
Special Processing:  
Method of Analysis: PCR (polymerase chain reaction)
Critical Information Required:  
Storage & Shipment: Specimen must be received within 24 hours of collection. If the transport time exceeds 24 hours, the specimen will only be tested if appropriate
System Codes: 
Referred To:  

Questions? Comments? Contact Laura Gopaul