Laboratory Test Information Guide

Details for Urinalysis

Test Name: Urinalysis
Alternate Name(s): Routine
Routine and Microscopic
Laboratory: Core
Specimen Type: Random urine
Collection Information: It is recommended that the specimen should be collected using the Becton Dickinson Urine Collection System. This system allows for greater specimen stability.

All urine specimens for Routine and Microscopic analysis must be received within 2 hours of collection.
Test Schedule: As required
Turnaround time from when specimen
is received in testing laboratory:
4 hours
1 hour
Reference Range: 
Leucocytes, urine:
0 cells/uL
Specific Gravity, urine:
pH, Urine:
Protein, Urine:
0.0-0.2 g/L
Glucose, Urine:
0.0-5.5 mmol/L
Ketones, Urine:
0.0-0.5 mmol/L
Blood, Urine:
Nitrite, Urine:
Effective Date: 2009-12-21
Revised Date: 2018-11-21
Critical Value:  
Interpretive Comments: Analysis includes macroscopic examination and chemical examination for protein, blood, glucose, ketones, specific gravity, nitrite, leukocytes and blood.

Results from any unrefrigerated urine sample >2 hours may not be accurate.

A microscopic examination is done only when the urine is less than 2 hours old.
A urine microscopic examination will not be performed on samples giving a normal dipstick result.
(Except research requests).

Microscopic reference range:

Some erythrocytes, leukocytes and casts are excreted by normal individuals, but they are seen only occasionally in urinary sediments examined microscopically.
* <5 Red Blood Cells per high power field are considered normal
* <5 White Blood Cells per high power field are considered normal
* Occasional Hyaline Casts per high power field are considered normal
Special Processing:  
Method of Analysis: Dipstick
Critical Information Required:  
Storage & Shipment: Urine specimen should be fresh and uncentrifuged.

Specimen must be received in laboratory within 2 hours of collection.

Refrigerate the specimen (do not freeze) if you anticipate delays in delievering to the Core Laboratory.

Refrigerated samples are accepted for analysis until 12 hours of collection.

Urine specimens -> 12 hours old will not be analyzed.
System Codes: 
Referred To:  

Questions? Comments? Contact Laura Gopaul